1. Size of Economy
The size of GDP is estimated to be 46.9 trillion Riel (equivalent to US$11.7 billion) in 2010. As a result of favorable economic growth in recent years, per capita GDP increased from US$455 in 2005 to US$792 in 2010.
2. Industrial Structure
As the primary industry occupies 36% of the total economy, the agriculture is the main industry of Cambodia. Major agricultural products are rice, rubber, maize, cassava, etc. The secondary industry and tertiary industry respectively account for 23% and 41% of the total economy. The major industry of the manufacturing sector is apparel products, which are directed to exports. Among the tertiary industry, the tourism-related industries are important to the Cambodian economy.
The trade balance of Cambodia keeps a continuous deficit. Both exports and imports have been expanding as a result of economic growth. In 2010, the export value was US$5.1 billion and the import value was US$6.8 billion.
The major destination countries of exports are USA, Canada, UK, and Germany. The major importing countries are Thailand, Singapore, and China.
The primary export product is apparel, which account for more than 80% of total exports. The major import products are textiles, petroleum product, and vehicles. Cambodia significantly depends on imports for industrial input products and daily commodities.
Although the official national currency is the Riel, US dollars are commonly used in business and commercial transactions.