Cambodia is a constitutional monarchy. The present King, His Majesty Norodom Sihamoni, acceded to the throne on 29 October 2004.
The Constitution stipulates that Cambodia adopts a policy of liberal democracy and pluralism, and that the Cambodian people are masters of the country. The Constitution also sets out that the power of the Legislative, Executive and Judicial branches shall be separated. (Article 51)
The country has a bicameral legislature, which consists of the National Assembly and the Senate. The latest elections for the National Assembly was held on 27th July 2008 in which the Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) won landslide and occupied 90seats, followed by Sam Rainsy Party (SRP), Human Right Party, FUNCINPEC and Norodom Ranaridh Party which won 26 seats, 3 seats, 2 seats and 2 seats respectively. The Senate held its last election in 2006, through which the CPP gained 45 seats, FUNCINPEC 10 seats and SRP 2 seats. Remaining 2 seats are appointed by the King.
Above all, the CPP has formed the Royal Government with FUNCINPEC and Mr. HUN SEN has been elected as the Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Cambodia.