The national population in 2008 is 13.4 million with annual growth rate of 1.54%. Phnom Penh, the capital and the largest city, has a population of 1.3 million. Percentage of urban population is 19.5% and density of population per square kilo meters is 75 persons.
Percentage of population by age group is as follows.
– Children (0-14 age): 33.7%,
– Economically productive age group (15-64): 62%
– The elderly population (65+): 4.3%
(Source: General Population Census 2008, NIS)
2. Ethnic Groups
The majority are Khmer (90 %). Small ethnic groups include Cham, Vietnamese and Chinese.
Buddhism is established as a national religion by the Constitution (Article 43, The Constitution) and 90 % of the population is Buddhist. Other religions practiced in Cambodia include Islam, Christianity and others.
4. Language and Literacy
The official language is Khmer. The adult literacy rates in 2008 were 77.6 % in total, 85.1 % for males, and 70.9 %for females. (Source: General Population Census 2008, NIS)
5. Education System
The educational system in Cambodia consists of elementary school (grade 1 to 6), junior high school (grades 7 to 9), senior high school (grades 10 to 12) and university and other institutions of higher education. Compulsory education is until grade 9. The percentage of persons (aged 6 and over) in each age group who are attending school or education institutes are: i) Age 6-14: 80.19%, ii) Age 15-19: 51.83%, iii) Age 20 – 24: 14.37%. (Source: General Population Census 2008, NIS)