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Social Situation

Population

According to the 2008 Population Census, Cambodia’s population was 13.4 million with annual growth rate of 1.54%. Phnom Penh, the capital and the largest city, has a population of 1.3 million. Percentage of urban population is 19.5% and density of population per square kilo meters is 75.

In 2008, percentage of population by age and sex group was as follows.

–          Children (0-14 age): 33.7%,

–          Economically productive age group (15-64): 62%

–          The elderly population (65+): 4.3%.

(Source: General Population Census 2008[1], NIS)

 

Ethnic groups

The majority are Khmer (90 %). Small ethnic groups include Cham, Vietnamese and Chinese.

 

Religion

Buddhism is established as a national religion by the Constitution (Article 43, The Constitution) and 90 % of the population is Buddhist. Other religions practiced in Cambodia include Islam, Christianity and others.

 

Language and literacy

The official language is Khmer. The adult literacy rates in 2008 were 77.6 % in total, 85.1 % for males, and 70.9 %for females. (Source: General Population Census 2008, NIS)

 

Education system

The educational system in Cambodia consists of elementary school (grade 1 to 6), junior high school (grades 7 to 9), senior high school (grades 10 to 12) and university and other institutions of higher education. Compulsory education is until grade 9.

The percentage of persons (aged 6 and over) in each age group who are attending school or education institutes are: i) Age 6-14: 80.19%, ii) Age 15-19: 51.83%, iii) Age 20 – 24: 14.37%. (Source: General Population Census 2008, NIS)



[1] General Population Census of Cambodia 2008: National Report on Final Census Results, which was released in September 2009.

(Source: General Population Census 2008, NIS)

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Local Ministries

ministry-of-information Ministry of Information
ministry-of-public Ministry of Public Works and Transport
ministry-of-education Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport
ministry-of-tourism Ministry of Tourism
ministry-of-agriculture Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
ministry-of-mines-energy Ministry of Mines and Energy
ministry-of-commerce Ministry of Commerce
General Department of Taxation General Department of Taxation
General Department of Customs and Excise General Department of Customs and Excise
Ministry of industry and handicraft Ministry of industry and handicraft
Ministry of Economy and Finance Ministry of Economy and Finance
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation

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