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Home » Country Overview » Social Situation

Welcome to CDC

Minister attached to the Prime Minister Secretary General, Council of the Development of Cambodia.

On behalf of the Council for the Development of Cambodia, I would like to welcome you to this website which represents our continuous endeavors to promote development and investments in the Kingdom.  We aim to accelerate economic growth and attract further investments to Cambodia, a promising open market with steady political stability and proven sustainable growth. Over the past two decades, Cambodia has been transformed from a land in crisis to a land of opportunities. Our economic renaissance has only just begun.Read More»

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Social Situation


According to the 2008 Population Census, Cambodia’s population was 13.4 million with annual growth rate of 1.54%. Phnom Penh, the capital and the largest city, has a population of 1.3 million. Percentage of urban population is 19.5% and density of population per square kilo meters is 75.

In 2008, percentage of population by age and sex group was as follows.

-          Children (0-14 age): 33.7%,

-          Economically productive age group (15-64): 62%

-          The elderly population (65+): 4.3%.

(Source: General Population Census 2008[1], NIS)


Ethnic groups

The majority are Khmer (90 %). Small ethnic groups include Cham, Vietnamese and Chinese.



Buddhism is established as a national religion by the Constitution (Article 43, The Constitution) and 90 % of the population is Buddhist. Other religions practiced in Cambodia include Islam, Christianity and others.


Language and literacy

The official language is Khmer. The adult literacy rates in 2008 were 77.6 % in total, 85.1 % for males, and 70.9 %for females. (Source: General Population Census 2008, NIS)


Education system

The educational system in Cambodia consists of elementary school (grade 1 to 6), junior high school (grades 7 to 9), senior high school (grades 10 to 12) and university and other institutions of higher education. Compulsory education is until grade 9.

The percentage of persons (aged 6 and over) in each age group who are attending school or education institutes are: i) Age 6-14: 80.19%, ii) Age 15-19: 51.83%, iii) Age 20 – 24: 14.37%. (Source: General Population Census 2008, NIS)

[1] General Population Census of Cambodia 2008: National Report on Final Census Results, which was released in September 2009.

(Source: General Population Census 2008, NIS)

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