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Home » Investment Enviroment » Investment Trend

Welcome to CDC

Minister attached to the Prime Minister Secretary General, Council for the Development of Cambodia Secretary General, Cambodian Investment Board Secretary General, Cambodian Special Economic Zone Board

On behalf of the Council for the Development of Cambodia, I would like to welcome you. I believe that you are able to acquire the most current investment information in this website. This website represents our continuous endeavors to promote the development and investment in Cambodia.Read More»

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Investment Trend

1. FDI Trend

Investment projects, which are approved by the Council for the Development of Cambodia (CDC) to grant investment incentives and guarantee, consist of Cambodian and foreign capital. Those projects were called “Investment Projects” under the Law on Investment of 1994 and are now called “Qualified Investment Projects (QIPs)” under the Law on Amendment to the Law on Investment of 2003.

In 1995, one year after the enactment of the Law on Investment, the fixed asset investment amount approved by the CIB (CDC) totaled 2.3 billion dollars. From 1994 to 2005, the annual average of twelve years was 640 million dollars, and during the following five years (2006 to 2010), the average amount became approximately 8.3 times larger as 5.3 billion dollars. In 2011, the fix asset investment amount approved by the CIB (CDC) reached 5.7 billion dollars until September 2011. From 1994 to September 2011, the cumulative investment approved by CIB (CDC) is 39.9 billion dollars[1]. Below Table shows such overall investment approval trend in Cambodia.

Investments Approved by CDC by Major Countries (1994 – September 2011)

Million USD

Country

1994-2005

Total

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

1-9

1994-2011.9

Total

Rank

Rank

Cambodia

2,260

-

2,081

1,323

3,932

3,753

391

1,367

15,107

-

China

864

2

717

180

4,371

893

694

1,147

8.866

1

Korea

351

5

1,010

148

1,238

120

1,026

134

4.027

2

Malaysia

1,932

1

28

241

3

7

167

231

2,609

3

UK

103

10

4

26

6

6

11

2,222

2,378

4

USA

366

4

62

3

672

2

36

144

1,285

5

Taiwan

529

3

48

40

22

27

92

69

827

6

Vietnam

25

11

56

139

21

210

115

246

812

7

Thailand

284

6

100

108

74

178

2

0

746

8

Singapore

260

7

12

2

52

273

37

0

636

9

Russia

2

13

278

0

103

235

0

0

618

10

HKG

244

8

4

26

0

7

30

68

379

11

Israel

-

14

0

2

300

0

2

0

304

12

France

208

9

0

35

6

50

0

0

299

13

Japan

20

12

2

113

8

5

0

4

152

14

Others

229

-

38

270

81

93

88

42

841

-

Total

7,677

-

4,440

2,656

10,889

5,859

2,691

5,674

39,886

-

Source: CIB (CDC)

As shown in Below Table, the FDI ratio among the total investment amount approved by the CIB (CDC) between 1994 and 2005 was approximately 71%. Such FDI ratio dropped to approximately 36% in 2009 and increased to 85% in 2010. Consequently, overall FDI ratio was approximately 62% of the total approved investment amount from 1994 to September 2011.

Investment Fixed Assets by Source of Investment: 1994-September 2011

Million USD

Foreign (a)

Cambodia

Total (b)

FDI ratio: (a)/(b) %

1994 – 2005

5,417

2,260

7,677

71%

2006

2,359

2,081

4,440

53%

2007

1,333

1.323

2,656

50%

2008

6,957

3,932

10,889

64%

2009

2,106

3.753

5,859

36%

2010

2,300

391

2,691

85%

2011 (1-9)

4,307

1,367

5,674

76%

Total

24,779

15,107

39,886

62%

Source: CIB (CDC)

In terms of the cumulative FDIs approved in the period of around 18 years ending at September 2011, the largest amount of 8.9 billion US dollars came from China. The second biggest FDI provider is Korea followed by Malaysia. The other major sources of FDI are UK, USA, Taiwan, Vietnam, Russia and Singapore. Below Figure shows the investment approval trend by five leading countries.

Source: CIB (CDC)

Figure II-2-1 Investment by Leading Countries

 


[1] The quoted figures do not include the followings.

-          The QIPs locating in the SEZ, including the SEZ development projects
-          The QIPs that the PMIS approved (Less than 2 million USD)
-          Non-QIPs that have been registered with MOC

 

2. Investment Trend by Industry

As for the composition by industrial sector, tourism accounts for 50% of the cumulative investment amount at September of 2011, while investment amount in tourism has been changing rapidly every year owing to extensive investment in the initiative days and high amount approved in 2008 and 2009. Investment in industries has been increasing gradually from 2006 to 2011. Investment amount in agriculture sector has remained stably except for 2008. Investment in service sector was dropped in 2009 due to decrease of investment in construction sector damaged by the economic crisis, but recovered in 2010. (Shown in below Tables and Figure)

Investment Approved by CIB by Sector: 1994 – September 2011

Million USD

Agriculture

Industries

Services

Tourism

Total

1994-2005

344

3,147

1,800

2,386

7,677

2006

505

987

2,171

777

4,440

2007

371

338

653

1,294

2,656

2008

95

726

1,292

8,776

10,889

2009

590

958

410

3,901

5,859

2010

554

946

1,059

132

2,691

2011(1-9)

284

2,695

192

2,503

5,674

2006-2011(9)

2,399

6,650

5,777

17,383

32,209

Total (1994-2011.9)

2,743

9,797

7,577

19,769

39,886

Percentage

6.88%

24.56%

19.00%

49.56%

100.00%

Source: CIB (CDC)

Source: CIB (CDC)

Investment Trend by Sector (2006-2011.9)

CIB-Approved QIPs by Sector in Cambodia (1994-2011.9)

SECTOR

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

(Jan-Sep)

1.Agriculture

20

9

5

19

23

12

2.Industries

64

93

66

65

74

82

Energy

5

2

6

5

4

0

Food Processing

1

2

1

2

5

1

Garment/Textile

44

45

37

24

41

  62

Machine/ Metal/ Electronics

2

2

1

1

2

2

Mining              

1

19

4

7

2

3

Petroleum

0

0

0

1

0

0

Plastic

0

2

2

1

2

0

Shoes

7

2

7

8

4

Wood Processing

0

0

4

1

0

Others

4

10

13

13

9

10

3. Services

8

13

9

4

2

2

Construction/ Infrastructure

6

12

6

4

2

1

Services

2

1

3

0

0

1

4.Tourism

9

14

20

12

3

5

Hotel

4

5

6

1

1

1

Tourism

5

9

14

11

2

4

Total

101

129

100

100

102

101

Source: CIB (CDC)

CIB-Approved Investment Trend by Sector in Cambodia (1994-2011.9)

       Unit: Million USD

SECTOR

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

(Jan-Sep)

1.Agriculture

505

371

95

590

554

284

2.Industries

987

337

726

958

946

2,695

Energy

596

11

494

665

589

0

Food Processing

4

21

4

12

40

7

Garment/Textile

149

205

147

93

134

280

Machine/ Metal/ Electronics

4

4

12

2

8

6

Mining              

3

31

5

15

92

31

Petroleum

0

0

0

3

0

0

Plastic

0

5

6

2

6

0

Shoes

31

26

12

28

48

17

Wood Processing

0

7

0

16

2

0

Others

200

27

46

122

27

2,354

3. Services

2,171

653

1,292

410

1,059

192

Construction/ Infrastructure

2,156

640

260

410

1,059

101

Services

15

13

1,032

0

0

91

4.Tourism

777

1,295

8,776

3,901

132

2,503

Hotel

21

113

1,189

17

4

58

Tourism

756

1,182

7,587

3,884

128

2,445

Total

4,440

2,656

10,889

5,859

2,691

5,674

Source: CIB (CDC)

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