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In Cambodia, electricity is generated and/or distributed by the following entities;

  • Electricite Du Cambodge (EDC), a government enterprisePrivate entities including Independent Power Producers (IPP) in the provincial townsLicensees in smaller towns and
  • Rural Electricity Enterprises (REE) in the rural areas

EDC has a consolidated license (generation, distribution and transmission) for electricity supply in Phnom Penh, Knadal, Sihanoukville, Kampong Cham, Takeo and Battambang, Siem Reap, Bonteay Meanchey, Kampot, Kampong Speu, Steng Treng, Svay Rieng, Prey Veng, Rattanakiri (Banlung), and provided 26.5% of total electricity supply in Cambodia in 2005. On the other hand, 71.1% of electricity supply was provided by Independent Power Producers (IPPs) and 2.4% by 100 consolidated licensees.For the southern region, a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) has been signed to import power from Vietnam and credit agreement with World Bank (WB) and Asian Development Bank (ADB) has also been signed for construction of transmission lines from Phnom Penh to Takeo and Takeo to Vietnam. Cambodia is expected to import 80MW of power from Vietnam for the first two years and up to 200MW from the third year. Also, an agreement has been signed with KFW of Germany to finance the transmission line from Takeo to Kampot.For the northern region, a PPA for electricity import from Thailand has been signed and an Investment Agreement also has been signed with ASK Co., for the construction of transmission lines from the Thai border to the three provincial towns. The abundant electricity imports from Thailand are expected to start by 2007. Additional construction of medium voltage transmission lines from the provincial town of Battambang, Sihanoukville, Kampot and Kampong Speu to the surrounding region within 40km will be constructed with a loan from the World Bank.Unfortunately the electricity supply still does not meet the basic demand for electricity, especially in rural areas, where 24-hour supply of electricity is still not assured, and the quality of electricity is not reliable. Reliable supply of electricity is be expected to be realized when all the planned construction of transmission infrastructure and the Kamchay hydropower plants having the capacity of 193.2MW are completed. In its midterm planning, the Royal Government of Cambodia has a master plan to develop all the potential hydropower plant and diversify the source of energy with bigger coal and gas power plants which will reduce the dependency on expensive oil and also the electricity cost.



In Cambodia, there are three providers of fixed-line telephone service, three providers for international service and four providers for mobile phone service. The names of those companies and their service ranges are summarized in Table III-10 below.

Table III-10 Telecommunication Service Providers

Company Fixed-line Mobile International Internet

Telecom Cambodia (023)


X (CamNet)



Camshin (Cambodia Shinawatra)

X X (011) X

CamGSM (Mobitel)

X (012)

X (Tele2)

X (Telesurf)

CASACOM (Cambodia Samart Communication

X (015 / 016)



X (018)

3tel Cafe (008)

X (PC-to-Phone)


X (Online)

Open Forum



There are now 7 ISPs in Cambodia, namely, Camnet, Bigpond (CogeTel), Open Forum, CaminTel, Telesurf, Camshin and Casacom. Broadband internet services are now being provided through ADSL wireless service or optic fiber in Phnom Penh.

International Internet Exchange (IIX) or IP Gateway is run by CamNET with total bandwidth capacity of 22Mbps. IP gateway is connected with THAICOM Gateway or JCSAT via satellite and then with internet backbone in Hong Kong. Optic fiber was installed from Thailand to Vietnam through a route of Poipet ? Battambang ? Phnom Penh ? Bavet. In addition, a loan agreement for “Greater Mekong Telecommunication Backbone Network Project (Cambodia Growth Corridor)” was signed in March 2005 between the Cambodian Government and JBIC and a project to install the total length of 400 km of optic fiber connecting Kampomg Cham, Phnom Penh and Sihanoukville has already started.

Water resource

The Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology is responsible for developing and managing? water resources in Cambodia. In Phnom Penh, the Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority (PPWSA), a public enterprise, is responsible for providing water. In other parts of the country, The Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology is primarily responsible for urban water supply but, in many cases, it provides private companies with a license granting the right for supplying water on a commercial basis. In Sihanoukville, the Sihanoukville Water Supply Authority is supplying water to the city but, in rural areas, people mostly depend on groundwater, river water and/or rainwater. Although the annual average precipitation is around 4,000mm in Cambodia, the difference between the rainy season and dry season is big and, on top of that, the irrigation system is incomplete so that there is difficulty in securing stable water supply for agriculture.For industrial use in Sihanoukville, groundwater can be counted as a stable supply source, although the water quality may not meet requirements because of salt contents. Both Pailin and Koh Kong are in better condition because they have surface water supply.


According to the Open Air Policy of the Cambodian government, the number of airlines flying into Cambodia has been steadily increased in recent years. Non-stop international flights to 9 destinations in 8 countries/regions are being currently operated from Phnom Penh International Airport, as shown in Table III-11 below. Siem Reap Airport also operates some international flights.

Table III-11 Departure Flights from Phnom Penh International Airport

(Effective from March 28, 2006 October 30, 2006)

Country/Region Destination Flight Frequency
China Guangzhou 1 daily x 1 airline company
Shanghai 3 flights/week x 1 airline company
Hong Kong Hong Kong 5 flights/week x 1 airline company

3 flights/week x 1 airline company

Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 2 daily x 2 airline company

3 flights/week x 1 airline company

Singapore Singapore 1 daily x 1 airline company

4 flights/week x 1 airline company

3 flights/week x 1 airline company

2 flights/week x 1 airline company

(cargo) 3 flights/week x 1 airline company

South Korea Seoul – Incheon 2 flights/week x 1 airline company
Taiwan Taipei 1 daily x 1 airline company

3 flights/week x 1 airline company

(cargo) 5 flights/week x 1 airline company

Thailand Bangkok 7 daily x 4 airline companies

(cargo) 1 daily x 1 airline company

Vietnam Ho Chi Minh 3 daily x 1 airline company

(cargo) 1 daily x 1 airline company

Source: Official Website of Phnom Penh International AirportKompon Som (Sihanoukville) Airport is now poised to resume domestic flight service in the very near future and Kampong Chhnang Airport, located north of Phnom Penh and near NR #5, seems to be preparing to restart of the flight service. On the other hand, Koh Kong Airport has currently suspended operations. Two major operating airports, Phnom Penh International Airport and Siem Reap Airport, are being managed and operated by Cambodia Airport Services Ltd. (CAMS), a France-Malaysian joint-venture company, on behalf of another French-Malaysian joint venture (SCA, a concessionary company), which invested in a 25-year BOT project to develop Phnom Penh International Airport.


The total coverage of road network in Cambodia is approximately 30,268km , consisting of 4,695km of national roads (1-digit National Roads: 2,052km; 2-digit National Roads: 2,643km), 6,615km of provincial roads and about 18,958km of rural roads. Currently, no divided expressway exists in Cambodia. The transportation volume ratio by mode of transport in Cambodia is as shown in Table III-13. The road transport is very vital in economic activities in Cambodia.

Table III-13  Passenger and Cargo Transportation Volume Ratio by Mode (2003)

Mode of Transport Passengers Cargo
Roadway 65% 69%
Railway 20% 10%
Inland Waterway 15% 20%

Source: Progress Report of “The JICA Study on the Road Network Development in Cambodia”Currently, there are three international highway plans going through Cambodia as shown in Table III-14: The Asian Highway, ASEAN Highway and Great Mekong Sub-region Roads. 20% of the total length of these three highways inside of Cambodia will be asphalt or cement paved two-lane roads, about half of the total length will be narrow double bituminous paved two-lane roads and the remaining 30% will be on inferior quality. With assistance from many international donors , the rehabilitation of the road network is still underway. Approximately 98% of the rehabilitation and improvement works of NR1 to NR7 are expected to be completed by 2008, and the improvement works for the remaining section of NR1 is supposed to be completed by 2010.


In Cambodia, there are two railway lines in operation, namely, the Northern Line (386km) and the Southern Line (264km), both of them starting from Phnom Penh. Train mainly carries fuel heavy oils for generator, cement and rice on inbound service to Phnom Penh and wood and stones on outbound service to Sihanoukville. Table III-15 shows the transportation performance of railways by lines and items in 2003.To improve the railway conditions, ADB is now implementing a project called “the Study for the Rehabilitation of the Railway in Cambodia”, targeting to upgrade the railway condition with 20 million US dollars in three years time so that the maximum service speed will be increased to 50km/hour.

Sea port

In Cambodia, there is only one deep seawater port in Sihanoukville. It has completed phase-I expansion of the container yard of 240m and is now implementing the phase-II expansion of 160m berth. According to a statistic of Port Authority of Sihanoukville (PAS), the throughput volume of container in the port had increased continuously from 2001 to 2005 as shown in Figure III-3 below. Due to the Open Sea Policies of the Cambodian government, another small port was recently opened nearby Sihanoukville Port and it began absorbing considerable volume of the cargo delivered by smaller vessels. It is said that the small port offers lower port charges, easier customs clearance, and lower duties, because sometimes unofficial fees substitute for duties.

Inland water transportation

The Cambodian inland water network mainly consists of the Mekong River, Tonle Sap River and Bassac River, of which the total length is approximately 1,750km in the rainy season and may decrease to 580km in dry season when navigation is limited.

There are 7 major river ports in Cambodia as follows:

    • Phnom Penh Port Kampong Cham Port: on the mainstream of the Mekong 105km up from Phnom PenhKratie Port: on the mainstream of the Mekong 115km up from Kampong Chham PortStung Treng Port: on the mainstream of the Mekong 150km up from Kratie PortNeak Loeang Port: on the mainstream of the Mekong 60km down from Phnom Penh Port Kampong Chunang Port: On the Tonle Sap River 90km up from Phnom Penh
    • Chong Khneas (Siem Reap) Port: On the Tonle Sap River 190km up from Kampong Chunang Port

Container freight is available only for the rubber plants between Phnom Penh and Kampong Chham. During the dry season, the upper stream of the Mekong from Kampong Chham and the Tonle Sap will not available for navigation because of the low level of water. The water level difference between the dry and rainy seasons sometimes reach 10m. Thus, inland water transportation in Cambodia has an inevitable limitation.

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ministry-of-information Ministry of Information
ministry-of-public Ministry of Public Works and Transport
ministry-of-education Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport
ministry-of-tourism Ministry of Tourism
ministry-of-agriculture Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
ministry-of-mines-energy Ministry of Mines and Energy
ministry-of-commerce Ministry of Commerce
General Department of Taxation General Department of Taxation
General Department of Customs and Excise General Department of Customs and Excise
Ministry of industry and handicraft Ministry of industry and handicraft
Ministry of Economy and Finance Ministry of Economy and Finance
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
Electricite Du Cambodge Electricite Du Cambodge
Ministry of Labour and Vocational Training Ministry of Labour and Vocational Training
Ministry of Environment Ministry of Environment
Ministry of Interior Ministry of Interior
Ministry of Post and Telecommunication Ministry of Post and Telecommunication


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