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Home » Investor’s Information » Infrastructure » Electricity

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Minister attached to the Prime Minister Secretary General, Council of the Development of Cambodia.

On behalf of the Council for the Development of Cambodia, I would like to welcome you. I believe that you are able to acquire the most current investment information in this website. This website represents our continuous endeavors to promote the development and investment in Cambodia.Read More»

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Electricity

1.   General Situation of Electricity Supply

General situation of electricity supply

The Electricity Law was promulgated in February 2001 with the view to regulate the power sector and the Electricity Authority of Cambodia (EAC) was established as a legal public entity to act as the Regulator and the arbitrator of power sector business activities.

Cambodian strategy for the development of electricity supply is to construct transmission lines between major cities in southern and western regions[1] in order to construct large-scale power generating plants and to import electric power from neighboring countries during the construction period of such power plants.

In Cambodia, electricity is generated and/or distributed by the following entities;

  • Electricite Du Cambodge (EDC), a government enterprise
  • Private entities including Independent Power Producers (IPP) in the provincial towns
  • Licensees in smaller towns, and
  • Rural Electricity Enterprises (REE) in the rural areas

EDC has a consolidated license (generation, distribution and transmission) for electricity supply in Phnom Penh, Knadal, in the 12 following provincial capitals, namely, Sihanoukville, Kampong Cham, Takeo and Battambang, Siem Reap, Bonteay Meanchey, Kampot, Kampong Speu, Steng Treng, Svay Rieng, Prey Veng, Rattanakiri (Banlung), and in the four following regions bordering on Vietnam, namely Bavet (Svay Rieng), Memot (Kampong Cham), Phonhea Krek (Kampong Cham) and Kampong Trach (Kampot).

The electricity supply currently does not meet the basic demands, where 24-hour supply of electricity is not assured and the quality of electricity is not reliable. According to the Power Development Plan of the Kingdom of Cambodia in 2007, electricity demand is expected to show a rapid increase until 2020. The future power demand is summarized in below table.

Power Demand Forecast (MW)

2012

2015

2018

2020

1,062

1,643

2,283

2,770

Source: MIME


[1] The southern region includes Phnom Penh City, Kandal, Kampong Speu, Takeo, Kampot and Sihanouk provinces, while the western region includes Banteay Mean Chey, Battambang and Siem Reap provinces.

 

2. Electricity supply expansion

In order to meet the increasing demand, the RGC has developed the power source expansion plan under the Power Development Plan for a period of 2008-2021. In line with the power source expansion, transmission lines are under construction and electric power has been imported from neighboring countries. Currently, 22.47% of Cambodian households have access to the electricity (54% of urban households and 13% of rural households). EDC aims to provide electricity service to 100% of all the villages by 2020 and 70% of all the rural households by 2030.

Regarding the expansion of power source, the Department of Energy Development of MIME formulated electricity supply development plan up to 2020. According to this plan, as below table indicates, the construction of eight hydro power plants and three coal power plants will be completed by 2020. In total, including imported electricity, approximately 3,576 MW at the maximum will be generated in 2020.

Expansion Plan of Power Sources

No

Project

Country of Supplier

Type

Power (MW)

Year of Operation

1

Kamchay Hydro Power Plant

China

Hydro

193

2011

2

Kirirom III Hydro Power Plant

China

Hydro

18

2012

3

200MW Coal Power Plant in Sihanoukville (I) (Phase 1)

Malaysia+ Cambodia

Coal

100

2013

4

Stung Atay Hydro Power Plant

China

Hydro

120

2013

5

Stung Tatay Hydro Power Plant

China

Hydro

246

2013-2014

6

Lower Stung Russey Chhrum Hydro Power Plant

China

Hydro

338

2013

7

700MW Coal Power Plant in Sihanoukville(II) (Phase 1)

-

Coal

100

2014

8

700MW Coal Power Plant in Sihanoukville(II) (Phase 2)

-

Coal

100

2015

9

700MW Coal Power Plant in Sihanoukville(II) (Phase 3)

-

Coal

100

2016

10

200MW Coal Power Plant in Sihanoukville(I) (Phase 2)

Malaysia+ Cambodia

Coal

135

2017

11

Lower Se San II & Lower Sre Pok II

Vietnam

Hydro

400

2017

12

700MW Coal Power Plant in Sihanoukville(II) (Phase 4)

-

Coal

100

2017

13

Stung Chhay Areng Hydro Poer Plant

China

Hydro

108

2017

14

700MW Coal Power Plant in Sihanoukville(II) (Phase 5)

-

Coal

100

2018

15

Lower Sre Pok III + IV Hydeo Power Plant

-

Hydro

368

2018

16

Add 700MW Coal Power Plant at Offshore

-

Coal

200

2019

17

Sambor Hydro Power Plant

China

Hydro

450

2019

18

Coal Power Plant (III) or Gas Power Pant

-

Coal/ Natural gas

400

2020

Total

3,576

Source: MIME

According to MIME, as shown in below table, the construction of transmission lines to import electricity from Thailand and Vietnam will be completed by the end of 2012 and, as a result, the electricity will be supplied for most parts of Cambodia. Besides, further expansion of transmission lines, which interconnects with Lao PDR as well as other neighboring countries, will be completed by the end of 2016.

Expansion Plan of Transmission Line

No

Project

Length (km)

Year of Operation

1

115kV, Takeo-Kampot (1 substation: Kampot)

74

2012

2

230kV, Phnom Penh – Kampong Chhnang – Pursat –Battambang

(3 substations: Kampong Chhnang, Pursat, Battambang )

302

2012

3

230kV, Pursat – Osom

(1 substation: Osom commune in Pursat Province)

175

2012

4

230kV, Phnom Penh – Kampong Cham

110

2013

5

230kV, Kampot – Sihanouk province

(2 substations: Vealrinh, Sihanouk province)

80

2013

6

115kV, Stung Atay Hydro – Osom substation

10

2013

7

230kV, Stung Treng – Lao PDR ( 1 substation: Stung Treng)

56

2014

8

230kV, Kampong Cham – Kratie

110

2015

9

230kV, Kratie – Stung Treng

126

2015

10

230kV, Osom substation – Stung Russei Chrum Hydro (upper station)

32

2015

11

230kV, Stung Russei Chrum Hydro (upper station) – Stung Russei Chrum Hydro (lower station)

10

2015

12

230kV, Stung Russei Chrum Hydro (upper station) – Stung Tatay Hydro Power

37

2015

13

230kV, Phnom Penh – Sihanouk province (along national road No.4)

220

2016

14

230kV, Stung Atay Hydro – Stung Chay Areng Hydro

32

2017

15

230kV, Stung Chay Areng Hydro – North Phnom Penh (NPP) substation

145

2017

16

230kV, Phnom Penh – Neakleung – Svay Rieng

(2 substations: Neakleung, Svay Rieng)

120

2018

17

230kV, Kampong Cham – Kampong Thom – Siem Reap

(1 substation: Kampong Thom)

250

2019

Total

1,889

Source: MIME

The Power Cooperation Agreement with Vietnam was signed on 10 June 1999 and the Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) was made in 2001, which was supposed to be renewed every five years. Since 2002, EDC has imported electricity from Power Company 2 (PC2) of Vietnam to supply for Bavet (Svay Rieng), Memot (Kampong Cham), Phonhea Krek (Kampong Cham), etc. For supplying the electricity to Phnom Penh, the purchasing agreement of 200MW was concluded with Vietnam and the construction of 220kV-transmission line, which interconnects Phnom Penh/Takeo to Vietnam, has been completed. Under this purchasing agreement, transmission of 120 MW from Vietnam to Phnom Penh, which requires 300 MW daily, has already begun. Although another 50 MW, totally 170 MW out of contracted 200 MW, is planned to be transmitted, due to the recent shortage of electric in Vietnam, it has not been realized.

PPA was first made with Thailand in 2002 and was amended in 2007. Currently, electric power between Cambodia and Thailand is transmitted at 22 kV and 115 kV levels. An agreement was signed with Trat Province (Thailand) to supply power for Koh Kong and Poi Pet (Cambodia) by using 22 kV line. The above areas have been connected since 2001. Since November 2007, power has been imported through 115 kV transmission line from Arranh Prathet substation (Thailand) and supplied for Battambang, Siem Reap, etc.

The Power Cooperation Agreement with Lao PDR was signed in October 1999. Both countries agreed on power interconnection by 115 kV line between southern Lao and Stung Treng, Cambodia. The construction of the transmission line is scheduled to be completed in 2016.

Rural electrification is one of the key issues. Cambodia’s strategy of rural electrification has been prepared basing on “Rural Electrification Master Plan” which focuses renewable energy and, under the Master Plan, Cambodia Energy Sector Strategy (CESS)[1] was formulated. Rural Electrification Fund (REF) was established in 2004. Two 370KW micro hydro power stations have been constructed and one reserve 300KW diesel generator has been installed. They are currently fully operational to provide electricity to the provincial town of Mondulkiri.

 

 


[1] CESS was formulated in 2003 and 2008.

 

3.   Electricity Tariff

 

The electricity tariffs in major cities and provinces are shown in “Business Cost” under “Business Environment” of the Top Page.

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