Use Google translate. Select language to translate.

Translate »
nivo slider image nivo slider image nivo slider image nivo slider image nivo slider image nivo slider image nivo slider image nivo slider image nivo slider image nivo slider image
Home » Investor’s Information » Infrastructure » Inland Water Transportation

Welcome to CDC

Minister attached to the Prime Minister Secretary General, Council of the Development of Cambodia.

On behalf of the Council for the Development of Cambodia, I would like to welcome you to this website which represents our continuous endeavors to promote development and investments in the Kingdom.  We aim to accelerate economic growth and attract further investments to Cambodia, a promising open market with steady political stability and proven sustainable growth. Over the past two decades, Cambodia has been transformed from a land in crisis to a land of opportunities. Our economic renaissance has only just begun.Read More»

Event Of Interest

Visitors Counter

  • visit_countervisit_countervisit_countervisit_countervisit_countervisit_countervisit_countervisit_counter
    cis_visit_countThis week7214
    cis_visit_countThis month27495
    cis_visit_countAll days2038500

Inland Water Transportation

The Cambodian inland water network mainly consists of the Mekong River and its sub-streams, Tonle Sap River and Bassac River, of which total length is approximately 1,750km in the rainy season and may decrease to 580km in dry season when navigation is limited. The bends of the river prevents the passage of vessels more than 110 meters long. The Mekong’s mainstream accounts for 30% of the total length, the Tonle Sap River 15%, the Bassac River 5%, and other tributaries 50%. Year-round navigation is possible through 580km.

Phnom Penh Autonomous Port locates at about 100 km from Kaam Samnar of the Cambodia-Vietnam border and about 332km by rive from the Cuu Tieu, an entrance mouth to the South China Sea. It provides one local terminal which is the base for distributing and collecting the goods to/from many provinces. The major ports along the inland water are as follows.

-            Stung Treng Port (Stung Treng Province): on the mainstream of the Mekong 1280km up from Kratie Port

-            Kratie Port (Kratie Province): on the mainstream of the Mekong 121km up from Kampong Cham Port

-            Tonle Bet Port (Kampong Cham Province): on the mainstream of the Mekong 106km up from Phnom Penh

-            Neak Loeang Port ( Prey Veng Province): on the mainstream of the Mekong 60km down from Phnom Penh Port

-            Chong Khneas (Siem Reap Province) Port: on the Tonle Sap River 190km up from Phsar Krom Port

-            Phsar Krom Port (Kampong Chunang): on the Tonle Sap River 100km up from Phnom Penh Port

In recent years, the inland waterways transport activities have decreased, except between Phnom Penh and Cai Mep of Vietnam, as a result of an increase in road transport. Transport by inland waterways vessels through the Mekong River and its tributaries would provide access to markets and other necessary services for those who live in rural areas. Maximum navigable vessel size in the Mekong River basin is shown in below table.

Maximum Navigable Vessel Size in the Mekong River Basin


Mekong Mainstream up to Phnom Penh

Tonle Sap, Phnom Penh to Siem Reap


Tanker barges

1,000 DWT/ Draught 4.0m



1,900 DWT (120TEU)/ Draught  3.8m

General Cargo


1,500 DWT/ Draught 4.0m

Tourism Cruise Vessels

50-65 passengers

Draught 1.5m

50-65 passengers

Draught 1.5m


25 passengers

Shallow Draught

25 passengers

Shallow Draught

Source: Infrastructure and Regional Integration Technical Working Group (2010)

The Phnom Penh Port accommodated 1,070 vessels (mostly small barges) and handled approximately 740,000 tons in 2005. The tanker barges accounted for 65% of vessels in Phnom Penh Port. Currently the cargo handling capacity of Phnom Penh Port is 1 million tons or approximately 50,000 TEUs per year. The current situation of Phnom Penh Port is shown in below table.

Current Situation of Phnom Penh Port



Other Facilities & Remarks





Maintenance Dredging

(at Chaktomok )

Depth: 7m

Width: 60m Length: 1,290m Volume: 159,648 Cube Meter

Port No.1

[Container Yards]

2 yards for laden containers, 1 yard for empty containers



apron  width 20m

Total 300m



Port No.2(for passengers)

1km downstream from Port No.1







Private Facilities

Between 4 and 13km upstream from Phnom Penh
8 facilities for oil barges

Ship size from 600-1,000DWT

Source: Infrastructure and Regional Integration Technical Working Group (2010)

Phnom Penh Port also handles the international container cargo. Following the commencement of operation of Cai Mep deepwater port in southern Vietnam in June 2009, some of the exporters in Phnom Penh area now tend to send cargoes through the Mekong River to Cai Mep Port, then to the global markets, particularly to Singapore and the USA, which is said to be cheaper and faster. To meet the increasing demand, Phnom Penh Port started on 9 March 2011 the construction of new container dock which will locate at 30km east of Phnom Penh, along Mekong River and the National Road No. 1 in Kien Svay District of Kandal Province. New container dock will have a space of 10 hectares, allows two 5,000-ton ships to anchor simultaneously and has an annual handling capacity of 120,000 TEUs. The project will be financed by Chinese government, constructed by Shanghai Construction Group and take 30 months to be completed.


Subcribe Now