KINGDOM OF CAMBODIA
Nation, Religion, King
Council of Minister
No : 72. ANRK.BK
Phnom Penh, August 11,1999
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT PROCESS
THE ROYAL GOVERNMENT OF CAMBODIA
• Having seen the Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia
• Having seen the Royal Decree No. NS /RKT / 1198-72 dated 30 November, 1998 on the Formation of the Royal Government, Kingdom of Cambodia ;
• Having seen the Preah Reach Kram No. 02 / NS / 94 dated 20 July, 1994 promulgating it on the Organization and Functioning of the Council of Ministers;
• Having seen the Preah Reach Kram No. NS/ RKM/ 0194/21 dated 24 January 1994 on the Establishment of the Ministry of Environment;
• Having seen the Preah Reach Kram No. NS/ RKM/ 1296/36 dated 24 December 1996; promulgating it on the Law on Environmental Protection and Natural Resource Management;
• Having received an approval from the meeting of the Council of Minister on 23 July 1999 .
IT IS HEREBY DECIDED AND ORDERED
The purpose of this Sub-decree are :
– An environmental impact assessment (EIA) shall be done on every project and activity, private or public, and shall be reviewed by the Ministry of Environment before being submitted to the Royal Government for decision.
– The nature and size of the proposed projects and activities and existing and in-process activities, both private and public, shall be subject to environmental impact assessment.
– Foster public participation in the environmental impact assessment process in recognition that their concerns should be considered in the project decision-making process.
This Sub-decree applies to every proposed project and activities and existing and in-process, private, joint-venture and public projects that listed in an Annex of this Sub- decree, except projects deemed necessary to react to a declared state of emergency and approved by the Royal Government.
ARTICLE 3 :
The Ministry of Environment shall :
a/ evaluate and review the environmental impact assessment reports in collaboration with other Governmental Institutions.
b/ take appropriate administrative, conduct surveillance and monitor to ensure that the Environmental Management Plan during project construction, operation, and closure, which contained in an approved EIA report be implemented by the Project Sponsor.
ARTICLE 4 :
Central Governmental Institutions in their capacity as the Approval Institution shall approve the project that listed in an Annex of this Sub-decree only after consideration of the findings and recommendations of the Ministry of Environment on the EIA reports.
ARTICLE 5 :
Local Governmental Institutions in their capacity as the Approval Institution shall :
a/ submit a copy of private, joint-venture and public projects along with their attendant IEIA reports and EIA reports to the Provincial Environmental Department.
b/ approve the project only after consideration of the findings and recommendations of the Provincial Environmental Department as their capacity that provided by the Prakas of the Ministry of Environment .
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT REQUIREMENTS FOR
The Project Sponsor shall conduct Initial Environmental Impact Assessment (IEIA) for the project required EIA as listed in an Annex of this Sub-Decree.
The Project Sponsor will submit the Environmental Application for reviewing IEIA reports and pre-feasibility study to the Ministry of Environment
The Project Sponsor will submit the Environmental Application for reviewing full-scale EIA reports and feasibility study to the Ministry of Environment for the projects deemed serious impact to the natural resources, ecosystem, health and public welfare.
The Project Sponsor will submit the Environmental Application for reviewing EIA reports as stipulated in Article 7 and Article 8 of this Sub-decree to the Provincial Environmental Department for the local projects.
The Guidelines for preparing IEIA and EIA reports issuance of Prakas by the Ministry of Environment.
The Project Sponsor will submit the review and monitoring fee to the National Budget Account. The amount of the fee is specified by the Ministry of Economy and Finance according to the propose of the Ministry of Environment.
Consider the obligation to make a donation to the Environmental Endowment Fund as stipulated in Article 19, Chapter 8 of the Law on Environmental Protection and Natural Resources Management.
Environmental Application Form will be filled by the Project Sponsor and provided by the Ministry of Environment for the central projects and by the Provincial Environmental Department for the local projects.
EIA REVIEW PROCESS FOR PROPOSED PROJECTS
ARTICLE 14 :
The Project Sponsor will conduct and submit the reports as stipulated in Article 7 to the Ministry of Environment and provided a copy to the Approval Institutions.
ARTICLE 15 :
The Ministry of Environment will review the EIA report as stipulated in Article 14 and will submit findings and recommendations to the Project Sponsor and Approval Institutions within 30 work-days following the receipt the IEIA report and pre-feasibility study from the Project Sponsor.
ARTICLE 16 :
In case the project required full-scale EIA report determined by the Ministry of Environment, the Project Sponsor shall conduct and submit the report as stipulated in Article 8 of this Sub-decree to the Ministry of Environment in the same time as submit the investment application to the Approval Institution.
ARTICLE 17 :
The Ministry of Environment will review the report as stipulated in Article 16 and will submit findings and recommendations to the project sponsor within 30 work-days follow the receipt the full-scale EIA report and feasibility study from the Project Sponsor.
ARTICLE 18 :
If the Ministry of Environment fails to submit findings and recommendations as stipulated in Article 15 and 17, the Project Approval Institution will assume the revised IEIA or an EIA reports complies with the requirement of this Sub-Decree.
ARTICLE 19 :
When the Project Sponsor is the Project Approval Institution shall comply as stipulated in Charter 3 and 4 of this Sub-Decree.
ARTICLE 20 :
The project will be implemented only after receives the IEIA or and EIA reports approved by the Ministry of Environment.
EIA REVIEW PROCESS FOR EXISTING PROJECTS
All Project Sponsors shall file with the Ministry of Environment an IEIA report and submit the Environmental Applications for each of their projects within one year of the promulgation of this Sub-Decree for the Central Projects.
ARTICLE 22 :
After notification to the Project Sponsors by the Ministry of Environment that the report is not complies with requirement of this Sub-Decree, the Project Sponsor will improve or conduct full-scale EIA report within 6 months as required in Charter 3 and 4 of this Sub-Decree.
ARTICLE 23 :
After notification to the Project Sponsor by the Ministry of Environment of the findings of the report reviewed, the EIA report is complies with the requirement of this Sub-Decree, the Project Sponsor will implement the Environmental Management Plan contain in the EIA report within 6 calendar months.
ARTICLE 24 :
All Project Sponsors shall file with the Provincial Environmental Department an IEIA report and submit the Environmental Applications for each of their projects within two year of the promulgation of this Sub-Decree for the Local Projects.
ARTICLE 25 :
After notification to the Project Sponsors by the Provincial Environmental Department the report is not complies with requirement of this Sub-Decree, the Project Sponsor will improve or and conduct full-scale EIA report within 6 months as required in Charter 3 and 4 of this Sub-Decree.
ARTICLE 26 :
after notification to the Project Sponsor by the Provincial Environmental Department of the findings of the report reviewed, the EIA report is complies with the requirement of this Sub-Decree, the Project Sponsor will implement the Environmental Management Plan contain in the EIA report within 6 calendar months,
CONDITION FOR APPROVING THE PROJECTS
ARTICLE 27 :
The Approval Institutions should provide conditions to the Project Sponsor to implement the Environmental Management Plan that has been approved in an EIA report by the Ministry of Environment.
ARTICLE 28 :
The Ministry of Environment operate with concerning institutions appear to stop the activity of those projects with failed in implementation of the Environmental Management Plan which has been stated in the EIA reports.
ARTICLE 29 :
A Project Sponsor, who knowingly fails to disclose or misrepresents information that is vital to the environmental process or does not implement environmental management plan as described in approved EIA report or otherwise violates a provision of this Sub-Decree, shall be subject to the penalties set forth in Article 20/21/22/23 and 25 of Charter 5 of the Law on Environmental Protection and Natural Resources Management.
ARTICLE 30 :
The reporting of violated and violator is the responsibility of Ministry of Environment.
ARTICLE 31 :
Any Environmental Official or agent who is negligent, fails to pay attention to, or fails to comply with the Ministry’s regulations, or conspires with violators of facilitates the commission of a violation, shall be subject to administrative sanctions or face prosecution before the court.
ARTICLE 32 :
Any provisions that contrary to this Sub-Decree shall be considered null.
ARTICLE 33 :
Minister of Council of Minister, Ministries, Concerning Institutions shall operate with Ministry of Environment to implement this Sub-Decree accordingly to their roles and responsibilities.
ARTICLE 34 :
This Sub-Decree promulgated since the dated of signature.
Done in Phnom Penh on, ……./……./…….
Annex of Sub-Decree No 72 ANRK. BK. Date 11, August 1999
List of the Projects Require an IEIA or EIA
|No.||Type and activities of the projects||Size / Capacity|
|I||Foods, Drinks, Tobacco|
|1.||Food processing and caned||≥ 500 Tones/year|
|2.||All fruit drinks manufacturing||≥ 1,500 Litres / day|
|3.||Fruit manufacturing||≥ 500 ones/year|
|4.||Orange Juice manufacturing||All sizes|
|5.||Wine manufacturing||All sizes|
|6.||Alcohol and Beer brewery||All sizes|
|7.||Water supply||≥ 10,000 Users|
|8.||Tobacco manufacturing||10,000 Boxes/day|
|9.||Tobacco leave processing||≥350 Tones/ year|
|10.||Sugar refinery||≥ 3,000 Tones / year|
|11.||Rice mill and cereal grains||≥ 3,000 Tones / year|
|12.||Fish, soy bean, chili, tomato sources||≥500,000 Litres/ year|
|II.||Leather tanning, Garment and Textile|
|1.||Textile and dyeing factory||All sizes|
|2.||Garments, washing, printing, dyeing||All sizes|
|3.||Leather tanning, and glue||All sizes|
|4.||Sponge- rubber factory||All sizes|
|2.||Artificial wood||≥ 1,000 m3/year (log)|
|3.||Saw mill||≥ 50,000m3/year (log)|
|1.||Paper factory||All sizes|
|2.||Pulp and paper processing||All sizes|
|V.||Plastic, Rubber and Chemical|
|1.||Plastic factory||All sizes|
|2.||Tire factory||≥ 500 Tones /year|
|3.||Rubber factory||≥ 1,000 Tones /year|
|4.||Battery industry||All sizes|
|5.||Chemical production industries||All sizes|
|6.||Chemical fertilizer plants||≥ 10,000 Tones /year|
|7.||Pesticide industry||All sizes|
|8.||Painting manufacturing||All sizes|
|9.||Fuel chemical||All sizes|
|10.||Liquid, powder, solid soaps manufacturing||All sizes|
|VI||Mining production other than metal|
|1.||Cement industry||All sizes|
|2.||Oil refinery||All sizes|
|3.||Gas factory||All sizes|
|4.||Construction of oil and gas pipeline||≥ 2 Kilometres|
|5.||Oil and gas separation and storage facilities||≥ 1,000,000 Litres|
|6.||Fuel stations||≥ 20,000 Litres|
|8.||Glass and bottle factory||All sizes|
|9.||Bricks, roofing tile manufacturing||150,000 piece /month|
|10.||Flooring tile manufacturing||90,000 piece /month|
|11.||Calcium carbide plants||All sizes|
|12.||Producing of construction materials(Cement)||900 tones/month|
|13.||Cow oil and motor oil manufacturing||All sizes|
|14.||Petroleum study research||All sizes|
|1.||Mechanical industries||All sizes|
|2.||Mechanical storage factory||All sizes|
|3.||Mechanical and shipyard enterprise||All sizes|
|VIII.||Metal Processing Industrials|
|1.||Manufacturing of harms, barbed wires, nets||≥ 300 Tones/month|
|2.||Steel mill, Irons, Aluminum||All sizes|
|3.||All kind of smelting||All sizes|
|1.||Waste processing, burning||All sizes|
|2.||Waste water treatment plants||All sizes|
|3.||Power plants||≥ 5 MW|
|4.||Hydropower||≥ 1 MW|
|5.||Cotton manufacturing||≥ 15 Tones/month|
|6.||Animal’s food processing||≥ 10,000 Tones/year|
|1.||Concession forest||≥ 10,000 Hectares|
|2.||Logging||≥ 500 Hectares|
|3.||Land covered by forest||≥ 500 Hectares|
|4.||Agriculture and agro-industrial land||≥ 10,000 Hectares|
|5.||Flooded and coastal forests||All sizes|
|6.||Irrigation systems||≥ 5,000 Hectares|
|7.||Drainage systems||≥ 5,000 Hectares|
|8.||Fishing ports||All sizes|
|1.||Tourism areas||≥ 50 Hectares|
|2.||Goal field||≥ 18 Holes|
|1.||Urbanization development||All sizes|
|2.||Industrial zones||All sizes|
|3.||Construction of bridge-roads||≥ 30 Tones weight|
|4.||Buildings Height||≥ 12 m or floor ≥ 8,000 m2|
|5.||Restaurants||≥ 500 Seats|
|6.||Hotels||≥ 60 Rooms|
|7.||Hotel adjacent to coastal area||≥ 40 Rooms|
|8.||National road construction||≥ 100 Kilometres|
|9.||Railway construction||All sizes|
|10.||Port construction||All sizes|
|11.||Air port construction||All sizes|
|12.||Dredging||≥ 50,000 m3|
|13.||Damping site||≥ 200,000 people|